Eco-Design for Airframe (EDA)

Challenge

EDA is meant to tackle the environmental issues by focusing on the following challenges:

  • To identify and maturate environmentally sound ("green") materials and processes for aircraft production.
  • To identify and maturate environmentally sound ("green") materials and processes for aircraft maintenance and use processes.
  • To improve the field of end-of-life aircraft operations after several decades of operation, including reuse, recyclability and disposal ("elimination") issues.
  • To provide means for an ecolonomic design process on order to minimize the overall environmental impact of aircraft production, use/maintenance, and disposal. 

Expected benefits

Environmental aspect  Type  Rational  Comment  Target
 Process emission: e.g.CO2   Quantitative  ACARE, Emission trading  For each phase, sum of the total amount of the CO2 emitted by all the processes (direct emissions and indirect emissions i.e. produced when producing the energy.  20% reduction
 Hazardous material  Qualitative  REACH  Qualitative mark using the list of the substances used by the manufacturing of each material.  Compliance to regulations
 Energy  Quantitative  Resource consumption  For each phase, sum of the total amount of the energy used by all the processes (energy direct and energy indirect i.e. required to produce the direct energy or recover by incineration for the end of life phase).  15% reduction
 Recycling of material  Qualitative  Future regulation on recycling and waste management  Qualitative mark using 4 criteria: homogeneity, compatibility, capacity of segregation and recycling.  
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